Since email protocols do not have any process for authentication, it is easy for spammers. Spammers easily send junk mails with a forged sender address. This is to mislead the recipient about the source of the message. Additionally, it is common for phishing and spam emails to use such email spoofing. The forgery of an email header so that the mail appears to have sourced from someone or somewhere else other than the intended source. Therefore, the major goal of Email Spoofing is to get recipients to read and even respond to the content. In this article, we will discuss its working and how to stop email spoofing.
How Email Spoofing is done?
Recipients receive emails from a well- known retail business, requesting the recipients to provide information like credit card numbers or pin, etc or might just ask to click on any link, such emails could be fake also. The forgers might acquire your personal information and can hack your account or with these details might intend to make a fraud. The fake emails could ask you to click on attractive links offering any sort of discounts or limited time period deal.which could result in downloading malware on the receiver’s device.
Why Email Spoofing is done?
Email spoofing is mostly for phishing purposes or for acquiring the recipient’s personal details.
In addition, it is for avoiding blacklists. If the sender sends spam emails then there is a high chance of the sender to get blacklist easily in order to not get in the list as spam.
To hide the sender’s true identity, the use of anonymous email addresses happens.
To defame or tarnish the image of the pretended sender an attacker might create and send emails. It is with the forged email address.
How to stop email spoofing?
Since the email protocols do not provide sender authentication and hence it has been very easy to spoof email addresses. Due to which email providers use several frameworks to authenticate incoming messages and avoid email spoofing:
SPF (Sender Policy Framework)
It checks whether the IP is authorize with a given domain to send mails.
DKIM(Domain Key Identified Mail)
It allows senders to assign the domain name with an email message by attaching digital signatures to the message.
DMARC (Domain-Based Message Authentication, Reporting, and Conformance)
It is a protocol that requires SPF (Sender Policy Framework )and DKIM (Domain Key Identified Mail ) for identifying the authenticity of email messages.